Cosmetic Nasal Surgery Complications
Most risks of complications can be eliminated by selecting a good surgeon who is not only well qualified but is also experienced and skilled. Also important is the post operative care that is taken by the patient and it is vital that he or she adheres to all the precautions and recommendations made by the cosmetic or plastic surgeon.
- Post operative bleeding: While some amount of post operative bleeding is expected, it may be increased due to the intake of medication such as Aspirin, ibuprofen and certain nutritional supplements such as vitamin E. Intranasal packing can be used to avoid excessive bleeding.
- Complications due to use of anesthesia: As in any surgery where anesthesia is required there may be some unexpected reactions to the anesthesia. These can include cardiac and pulmonary complications.
- Taking proper postoperative care can drastically reduce a chance of infection developing.
- One of the functions of the sinuses is to affect resonance and thus nasal surgery may result in change in the voice.
- In some cases the sense of smell may also be affected by nasal surgery.
- There may be redness and bloods vessels may be prominently visible and also pigmentation in the region may occur.
- The nasal passage may be disturbed in rare cases leading to disturbance in the air path.
- Due to under or over correction the nasal tip may be effected and similarly under correction of the bone may lead to a less than desirable appearance while over correction may lead to lack of support for the nose.
- Asymmetrical displacement of structure may result in distortion of vision and the appearance would be less than satisfactory.
- In extremely rare case intra-cranial complications may occur. This happens when the base of the skull which forms the roof of the ethmoid and sphenoid sinuses is disturbed leading to a leak in cerebrospinal fluid. Also intra-orbital complications are seen infrequently, wherein the orbit is located close to the paranasal sinuses and excessive bleeding may occur into the orbit. This can be corrected at the time of surgery itself.
- Authored by: Michael Pasquale